The struggle of the oppressed people of South Africa is taking place within an international context of transition to the Socialist system, of the breakdown of the colonial system as a result of national liberation and socialist revolutions, and the fight for social and economic progress by the people of the whole world. We in South Africa are part of the zone in which national liberation is the chief content of the struggle. On our continent sweeping advances have been registered which have resulted in the emergence to independent statehood of forty one states. Thus the first formal step of independence has been largely won in Africa and this fact exercises a big influence on the developments in our country. The countries of Southern Africa have not as yet broken the chains of colonialism and racism which hold them in oppression. In Mozambique, Angola, South West Africa, Zimbabwe and South Africa White racialist and fascist regimes maintain systems which go against the current trend of the African revolution and world development.
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This statement pulled a number of important ANC perspectives, which had evolved over the preceding decades, into a coherent policy statement. In a petition 1 to the Prime Minister on 14 February , Reverend John Dube, then president of the South African Native National Congress, raised the issues of political representation, justice, landlessness, high rents, low wages and objections to other discriminatory laws. The ANC at least, in the period leading to the Morogoro conference had viewed the struggle for liberation as being all encompassing, claiming that political, social and economic issues were inseparable.
The Sixth Comintern 5 in introduced some critical and profound elements to the analysis of the South African political landscape. The Sixth Comintern proposed a political programme that sought to develop and strengthen the fight against all the customs, laws and regulations which discriminated against the native and coloured populations in favour of whites. The critical outcome of the Morogoro conference was, however, the subordination of the armed struggle to political leadership and the recognition that mass mobilisation was the key to the struggle.
Thus the main content of the present stage of the South African revolution is the national liberation of the largest and most oppressed group — the African people. The theory was further reinforced by the analysis of the Freedom Charter, which according to Ndebele and Nieftagodien 10 was prepared by Joe Matthews.
In its place, the ANC will establish a democratic state along the lines indicated in the Freedom Charter. The Charter may require elaboration of its revolutionary message. But what is even more meaningful, it requires to be achieved and put into practice. This cannot be done until state power has been seized from the fascist South African government and transferred to the revolutionary forces led by the ANC.
The class content of the national democratic revolution was also dealt with in the Morogoro Strategy and Tactics document. Fighting for dignity and freedom in our lifetime. Twitter thesbu Tweets by thesbu. All Rights Reserved. Designed and maintained by Flow Communications.
Ramaphosa vows to bury factionalism at ANC Morogoro Conference commemoration