Small colonies or single plants occur in many localities on the mountains which overlook the northerm rim of the Sonoran Desert. Altitude: m. Habitat: Dry, rocky hills, on slopes, plains and washes. It occours to a large extent, if not exclusively, in soils which are abundant of limestone, well aerated and possibly also relatively warm. In the drier an lower part of its areal the soil is more sandy and loose.
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Calscape Sign In. Advanced Search. Tap map to see plants native to location. Processing the request Click on blue squares to see occurrence records. Common names include Ocotillo, Coachwhip, Jacob's staff, and Vine Cactus, although it is not a true cactus. For much of the year, the plant appears to be an arrangement of large spiny dead sticks, although closer examination reveals that the stems are partly green.
With rainfall the plant quickly becomes lush with small centimeter ovate leaves, which may remain for weeks or even months.
The stems may reach a diameter of 5 centimeters at the base, and the plant may grow to a height of 10 meters, but growth is very slow. Large specimens in the wild may be years old. The plant branches very heavily at its base, but above that the branches are pole-like and only infrequently divide further, and specimens in cultivation may not exhibit any secondary branches. The plant produces two types of leaves. The first leaves on new growth produce a petiole leaf stalk which hardens into a sharp spine after the leaf drops off.
Subsequent leaves sprout from the base of the spine. The bright red flowers appear in spring and summer, occurring as a group of small tube shapes at the tip of the stem. They are pollinated by hummingbirds or carpenter bees. To learn more, visit the Jepson Herbarium's YouTube channel and watch a short video about this species. Hummingbirds, Verdin and other desert bird, insects. Hemileuca electra Hemileuca electra. Carried by 6. It can be propagated from cuttings, but results are variable.
For propagating by seed: No treatment. Native to the Colorado Desert and slightly extending into the Mojave Desert , it is found in very arid slopes, canyons, washes and alluvial fans in fast draining sandy, gravelly soil, often among boulders but also in pure sand.
Annual Precipitation: 2. Back Print. Ocotillo Fouquieria splendens. Sources include: Wikipedia. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria , Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos , Wikimedia Commons , and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape.
Fouquieria splendens (Ocotillo)
Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Show All Show Tabs ocotillo. Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St.
Calscape Sign In. Advanced Search. Tap map to see plants native to location. Processing the request Click on blue squares to see occurrence records.
Ocotillo is not a true cactus. For much of the year, the plant appears to be an arrangement of large spiny dead sticks, although closer examination reveals that the stems are partly green. The plant branches very heavily at its base, but above that, the branches are pole-like and rarely divide further, and specimens in cultivation may not exhibit any secondary branches. The leaf stalks harden into blunt spines, and new leaves sprout from the base of the spine. The bright crimson flowers appear especially after rainfall in spring, summer, and occasionally fall. Flowers are clustered indeterminately at the tips of each mature stem. Individual flowers are mildly zygomorphic and are pollinated by hummingbirds and native carpenter bees.