Gurram Jashuva was a Telugu poet. His real name was Anil Kumar. Jashuva was born to Virayya and Lingamma in Vinukonda , Andhra Pradesh , India to a community of leather workers, his father belonged to the Yadav caste and his mother belonged to the Madiga caste. Due to poverty and the intercaste marriage of his parents, his childhood was difficult in a society in which some castes were considered " untouchable. In order to fulfill the requirements of higher education, Jashuva obtained the diploma Ubhaya Bhasha Praveena as a scholar of Telugu and Sanskrit languages in his life. Protests against " untouchability ," Dalit rights, segregation have been common themes in all of Jashuva's works; some of the more notable entries into his literary canon include Gabbilam and Kandiseekudu.
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He was recognized with awards by Government of India. His literature's impact on the society was studied by researchers. Literary awards were instituted in his memory. His father belonged to the Yadava caste and his mother belonged to the Madiga caste. Due to poverty and the intercaste marriage of his parents, his childhood was difficult in a society in which some castes were considered untouchable.
Jashuva initially worked as primary school teacher. Protests against untouchability and segregation have been common themes in all his works.
Some of Jashua's verses had been incorporated into the popular mythological play, Harischandra, especially those in the cremation grounds scene.
Gabbilam is Jashuva's best known work, fashioned after Kalidasa's Megha Sandesam. It is not a yaksha using the cloud as a messenger to convey his longing to his loved one. Instead it is a hunger and poverty stricken individual requesting a bat visiting him from a nearby Siva temple, to convey his prayers to God. He muses at the irony of his situation, where a bat is allowed inside a temple but not a human being!
He cautions the bat to convey his message to Siva as it hangs from the roof close to his ear, at a time when the priest is not around. Jashuva used his other favorite emotion, "patriotism" as he describes the various historic places the bird will fly over en route to Lord Siva in Kasi.
He even takes the bird on detours to visit some historic place of pride for Indians. Firadausi is his another major work. According to story, the king promises the poet, a gold mohur for every word in a work he commissions the poet to write. After the poet spends ten years of his life, toiling day and night to create a master piece, the king, coming under the influence of jealous courtiers, reneges on his promise and offers only silver coins.
The poet heartbroken at this breach of trust commits suicide. Jashuva's depiction of the anguish of the poet is superb and moves the readers to tears. Baapoojee is expression of his anguish on hearing of the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. His enormous love and respect for Gandhiji is poignantly expressed in these 15 odd poems eulogising his life and work and lamenting his death as this country's misfortune.
The "Jashuva Sahitya Puraskaram" was instituted by the Jashuva foundation as an annual prize to poets from different Indian languages for enriching contribution to Indian literature with human values. The founder and secretary, Hemalatha Lavanam, is Jashuva's daughter. Nilmani Phukan, an Assamese poet, received the award in These are the "Jashuva Jeevita Saphalya Puraskaram"s for male poets aged sixty or above; the "Jashuva Visishta Mahila Purasakaram" for female poets aged fifty or above; and the "Jashuva Sahitya Visishta Puraskaram" for any contributor to Dalita Sahityam Dalit literature.
The first of these awards was presented during the th birth anniversary celebrations on September 28, The award amount is Rs 2 lakh. Yadagiri, Director, Telugu Akademy, presided over the function. A commemorative book on the poet was released in the function. Socio Political Mentors. Gurram Jashuva.
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Telugu poet Gurram Jashuva remembered by literary fans on his 124th birth anniversary
In order to fulfill the requirements of higher education, Jashuva obtained the diploma Ubhaya Bhasha Praveena as a scholar of Telugu and Sanskrit languages later in his life. Protests against "untouchability," Dalit rights, and segregation have been common themes in all of Jashuva's works. A number of verses from Jashuva's work have been incorporated into the popular mythological play, Harischandra , most notably during a scene set in the midst of a cremation ground. Dalit communities in Andhra Pradesh consider Jashuva to be the first modern Telugu Dalit poet, and actively protest his erasure from Telugu and Indian literary history. In , Dalit communities in Andhra Pradesh began to organize various centennial celebrations for Jashuva's birth, and have recently begun efforts to revive the remembrance of his literary contributions.
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Jashuva is considered to be one of the earliest Dalit poets in Telugu literature, known for his writings against caste prejudices and untouchability. Every year on September 28, PhD scholar Rajesh Patchala organises a small informal gathering to commemorate the birth anniversary of renowned Telugu poet Gurram Jashuva. Gurram Jashuva or Joshua is an eminent Telugu poet, known for his literary works like Gabbilam and Firdausi. He has also received the Padma Bhushan, and has been conferred the honorary doctorate of Kala Prapoorna by Andhra University. Jashuva was born on September 28, in Vinukonda of Guntur district. His mother belonged to the Madiga community, while his father was from the Golla community. Jashuva is considered to be one of the first organic Dalit voices in Telugu literature, known for the anti-caste themes in his poetry.
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Socio Political Mentors
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