HOLMES RAHE STRESS INVENTORY PDF

Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. More events mean a higher score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill. Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. This scale seems to suggest that change in life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability. Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects.

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Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. More events mean a higher score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill. Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. This scale seems to suggest that change in life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability. Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects.

Although the scale is well researched, the values are only a rough approximation at best [ 1 , 3 ]. Each loosely worded category can have a wide range of possible interpretations. The scale was also assessed against different populations within the USA African, Mexican and white American groups [ 6 ] and cross-culturally, comparing Japanese [ 7 ] and Malaysian [ 8 ] with American populations.

Malaysians exhibited different attitudes implying different stress at the same score. This suggests weakness of the SRRS in certain areas, with different cultural group reactions to different life events. The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect. Most people experience major life events infrequently hence a better measure might look at the stresses and strains of daily life [ 10 ].

The questionnaire is free to use and downloadable [ 1 ]. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. J Psychosom Res ; 11 : — Google Scholar. Life change and illness studies: past history and future directions. J Human Stress ; 4 : 3 — Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, Google Preview. J Psychosom Res ; 14 : — Psychosocial predictors of illness behavior and failure in stressful training.

J Health Soc Behav ; 13 : — J Psychosom Res ; 12 : — Masuda M , Holmes TH. J Cross-Cult Psychol ; 2 : — The reliability of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale: moderate and long-term stability.

J Psychosom Res ; 22 : — The Daily Hassles Scale Revised : does it measure stress or symptoms? Behav Assessment ; 14 : — Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Search Menu. Article Navigation.

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Items Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects. Conclusion The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect. Source The questionnaire is free to use and downloadable [ 1 ].

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Holmes and Rahe stress scale

People use the word "stress" to describe a wide variety of situations — from your cell phone ringing while you're talking on another phone — to the feelings associated with intense work overload, or the death of a loved-one. But perhaps the most useful and widely accepted definition of stress mainly attributed to Richard S. Lazarus is this: stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that "demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize. Our ability to cope with the demands upon us is key to our experience of stress.

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The Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory

The Holmes and Rahe stress scale is a list of 43 stressful life events that can contribute to illness. In , psychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe examined the medical records of over 5, medical patients as a way to determine whether stressful events might cause illnesses. Patients were asked to tally a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. A positive correlation of 0.

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The Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale

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Stress and Life Events

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