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Log In Sign Up. Introduction to Text Linguistics. Hanane Bellazi. Wolfgang Dressler. The seven standards of textuality: cohesion; coherence; intentionality; acceptability; informativity; situationality; intertextuality.
Constitutive versus regulative principles: efficiency; effectiveness; appropriateness. The evolution of text linguistics Historical background of text linguistics: rhetoric; stylistics; literary studies; anthropology; tagmemics; sociology; discourse analysis; functional sentence perspective. The procedural approach Pragmatics. Systems and systemization.
Description and explanation. Modularity and interaction. Combinatorial explosion. Text as a procedural entity. Processing ease and processing depth. Thresholds of termination. Virtual and actual systems. Cybernetic regulation. Problem solving: depth-first search, breadth-first search, and means-end analysis.
Procedural attachment. Phases of text production: planning; ideation; development; expression; parsing; linearization and adjacency. The phases of text reception: parsing; concept recovery; idea recovery; plan recovery. Reversibility of production and reception. Sources for procedural models: artificial intelligence; cognitive psychology; operation types. Cohesion The function of syntax. The surface text in active storage. Closely-knit patterns: phrase, clause, and sentence. Augmented transition networks.
Grammatical dependencies. Rules as procedures. Micro-states and macro-states. Hold stack. Re-using patterns: recurrence; partial recurrence; parallelism; paraphrase. Compacting patterns: pro-forms; anaphora and cataphora; ellipsis; trade-off between compactness and clarity. Signalling relations: tense and aspect; updating; junction: conjunction, disjunction, contrajunction, and subordination; modality. Functional sentence perspective.
Non-determinacy, ambiguity, and polyvalence. Continuity of senses. Textual worlds. Concepts and relations. Strength of linkage: determinate, typical, and accidental knowledge. Procedural semantics. Chunks and global patterns. Spreading activation. Episodic and semantic memory. Frames, schemas, plans, and scripts. Primary and secondary concepts.
Building a text-world model. The world-knowledge correlate. Intentionality and acceptability Intentionality. Reduced cohesion. Reduced coherence. The notion of intention across the disciplines.
Speech act theory. The notions of action and discourse action. Plans and goals. Interactive planning. Monitoring and mediation. Judging sentences. Relationships between acceptability and grammaticality.
Acceptance of plans and goals. Informativity Attention. Information theory. The Markov chain. Statistical versus contextual probability. Three orders of informativity. Triviality, defaults, and preferences. Upgrading and downgrading. Discontinuities and discrepancies. Motivation search. Strength of linkage. Removal and restoration of stability. Classifying expectations: the real world; facts and beliefs; normal ordering strategies; the organization of language; surface formatting; text types; immediate context.
A newspaper article and a sonnet. Expectations on multiple levels. Motivations of non- expectedness. Situationality Situation models. Mediation and evidence. Monitoring versus managing. Normal ordering strategies. Plans and scripts. Planboxes and planbox escalation.
A trade-off between efficiency and effectiveness. Strategies for monitoring and managing a situation. Intertextuality Text types versus linguistic typology.
Functional definitions: descriptive, narrative, and argumentative texts; literary and poetic texts; scientific and didactic texts. Using and referring to well-known texts. The organization of conversation. Problems and variables. Monitoring and managing. Discourse-world models. Recalling textual content. Effects of the schema. Trace abstraction, construction, and reconstruction. Inferencing and spreading activation. Mental imagery and scenes.
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Introduction to Text Linguistics
Book Reviews given credit for Grimm's Law p. It is also unfortunate that the author twice pp. Analogy is treated, rather unfortunately, as the tool of reformers — and not as a natural phenomenon — when the tendency among nonstandard speakers to say hisself, theirselves on the pattern of myself, etc. The strength which offsets these details is the ability of the author to give example after example from the great literary monuments of English literature in support of his historical points. The textis richly providedwith most relevantquotes, a feature which should make the text work with students ofliterature where a more purely linguistic work would fail. For the right kind of student, then, this book can be recommended, as long as care is taken with linguistic detail.
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Introduction to text linguistics